Word of the Month: Index
Sünden means "sins," and a Bock is a male goat in this context.
Sündenbock is used in German in exactly the same way in which "scapegoat" is used in English:
It denotes a person who has been falsely accused of a misdeed and subsequently ostracized within a group,
with the intent to turn suspicion away from the real culprits.
That these terms have the same meaning in the respective languages is not surprising because both have their origin in a ritual described in the Old Testament.
On the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), the High Priest
puts his hands on a goat in order to transfer the sins of the people of Israel onto the animal and then has it, and with it the sins of the congregation, chased into the wilderness.
[Leviticus 16, 21-22]
[Source: Wild Things in the German Language: Kindle/paperback version | iBooks version]
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